Maxillofacial trauma is common in dogs and cats. Mandibular fractures are more common in cats. However, both maxilla and mandibular fractures can be seen in both dogs and cats. CT diagnostics, when available increases the veterinarian’s ability to accurately identify, assess, and treat severe maxillofacial trauma and maxillary fractures. Significant force is required to fracture the maxillofacial skeletal (e.g., vehicular trauma, high falls, sports equipment, animal bites, and iatrogenic). Maxillofacial fractures can involve multiple sites in the maxilla and often will be evident with palatal fractures or teeth avulsion injuries. The mandibular molar region and maxillary bone are the most common sites for fractures in the dog. Symphyseal separation is the most common injury in the cat but can be seen in the dog as well. Lip avulsion, tooth avulsion, TMJ dislocation, oral foreign bodies, chemical burns are other common trauma cases seen.
Dentistry/Emergency and Critical Care
Presented by Gary Goldstein, DVM, FAVD, DipAVDC
Chief Medical Officer at Lakefield Veterinary Group
Supported by Lakefield
Presented at WWV 2019